PUBLIC PRIVATE DIALOGUE Report – Nangarhar

 

Date and Time Wednesday, November 13, 2019 (9am-12:30pm)
Venue Spinghar Hotel, Jalalabad, Nangarhar
Topic Improving Quality in the Poultry Sector
Supported By World Bank Group and ACCI
Number of Participants Invited 70
Number of Participants Attended 65

 

On November 13, 2019, the Executive Committee on Private Sector Development (PriSEC) organized the 4th Public Private Dialogue (PPD) event in Jalalabad city– Nangarhar province on Improving Quality in the Poultry Sector. For better coordination, the Secretariat managed the event in collaboration with ACCI in Nangarhar. The event was attended by representatives from the government, private sector, civil society, international partners, and media.

 

Objectives

  • Increase awareness of PriSEC, its major achievements, and future plans
  • Bring poultry sector actors from the government, private sector, academia and non-profit sectors together for open dialogue on the current status of poultry sector in Afghanistan and particularly in the Eastern Zone
  • Identify major challenges to quality improvement in the poultry sector including imported and domestically produced chicken feed, broilers, chicken meat and other poultry products, laboratories, vaccinations…etc.
  • Identify proposed solutions to quality improvement in the poultry sector

 

Agenda

  • Welcome remarks by PriSEC
  • Recitation of Holy Quran
  • National Anthem
  • Presentation on PriSEC
  • Welcome remarks and speeches by co-hosts (NGR ACCI, Spinghar Poultry Association, Representative of Governor’s Office)
  • Presentation on Improving Quality in the Poultry Sector by PriSEC
  • Panel discussion and question and answer session-moderated by PriSEC
  • Wrap up by PriSEC

 

Responsibility for event coordination and facilitation between ACE and PriSEC was based on the relevancy of the topic to relevant PriSEC and ACE team members and PriSEC Working Groups. Accordingly, the following representatives attended the event from Kabul:[1]

  • Rafiullah Sherzad – ACE CEO
  • Massoud Wardak – ACE-PriSEC Consultant
  • Parwiz Ayubi – PriSEC Consultant
  • Abdul Malik Hamdard – ACE-PriSEC Consultant
  • Wasiqullah Waasiq – Senior Communication Specialist at PriSEC

Event Management

Facilitator: Rafiullah Sherzad (CEO, ACE)

Panelists:

  • Khalid Gerdewal, Director, MoIC
  • Mohd Zameer, Head of Livestock, MAIL
  • Mukhlis Ahmad, Board Member, ACCI
  • Tasal Danesh, Head, Spinghar Poultry Association
  • Nemat Rasol Nematyar, EastZone Manager, Ex-Employee, CARD-F

 

Event Participants

The event was attended by 65 representatives involved in the poultry sector from government entities, donor agencies working in the area, and civil society/academia, and the private sector.

 

Participants Private Sector Civil Society/Other
Nangarhar Governor Office Nangarhar ACCI CIPE Office
Jalalabad Municipality Nangarhar AWCCI University Lecturers
Provincial MoIC Directorate Nangarhar ACIM Media Representatives
Provincial Finance Directorate (Mostofiat) Spinghar Poultry Association Qawmi Elders
Nangarhar University Veterinary Association University Students
Nangarhar RTA Poultry Cooperative
PriSEC Poultry Traders
WEE – RDP Poultry Feed Producers
Ex-CARD F Members Poultry Individual Dealers
Provincial MAIL Directorate
15 35 15

 

Key Issues and Challenges Discussed

The following key issues and challenges were identified during the event:

 

Quality:

  • Lack of quality control mechanisms including:
    • No control over the poultry product imports at border crossing points. Broiler chickens are being illegally imported through border crossings in Paktia and Khost which manipulates the domestic broiler chicken market;
    • No control over hygiene at poultry farms. Excluding a few farms which have been funded and built by CARD-F with proper standards, most of the farms have been built with no standard infrastructure.
    • No control over the meat processing in the markets.
  • The quality of the domestically produced poultry feed is low. There is a lack of dryers to dry the produced feed in order to preserve it long-term.
  • Domestically produced vaccines are of low quality. The government has not ensured production or import of quality health supplements for poultry. MAIL lacks proper capacity building programs for farmers or quality control laboratory facilities.
  • Government entities not visiting farms frequently enough to conduct quality controls.

 

Sustainability:

  • The majority of the development work in this sector (particularly work by CARD-F) was project-based and short-term. CARD-F, for example, has supported and funded the poultry value chain from inception to completion including eggs, breeders to health clinics, but nothing was sustainable.
  • CARD-F established 10 breeder farms, however due to lack of technical and financial support all 10 are closed now.
  • Lack of public awareness efforts or capacity building programs for the poultry farmers, value chain intermediaries, and associated stakeholders in the Poultry Sector.
  • Donor funded projects to support poultry sector have decreased recently.

 

Imports:

  • High level of illegal imports of all poultry products (live chicken, Day Old Chicken (DOCs), feed…etc. that significantly hampers the domestic market.
  • Major components of poultry feed such as corn, soya bean, and sunflower seeds are imported.
  • High tariffs on breeders and raw materials.
  • Illegal customs tariffs being collected by government employees and terrorist groups on highways.
  • Breeders unexpectedly stopped at borders for extended times, which causes losses of DOCs.

 

Infrastructure:

  • Lack of electricity for poultry farms to establish safe systems and breeder farms.
  • Lack of proper transportation and refrigeration facilities leading to high loss of DOCs and live chickens.
  • Lack of standard machinery and equipment for packaging frozen meat and producing finished goods.
  • Lack of consumer market: for example, the majority of wedding halls purchase foreign frozen chickens rather than domestically produced fresh chickens.
  • Issues of insecurity and poor-quality roads plague domestic transportation hubs and highways.
  • Lack of access to long-term leases of land. Recently, poultry sector investors’ long-term contracts were terminated by MUDL/Arazi and they were instead only given a contract with a 3-year term and 4 times higher lease rates.

 

Other Challenges:

  • Lack of access to loans
  • Lack of management capacity of farmers/poultry owners to develop financial and feasibility plans, marketing and packaging standards.
  • Lack of skilled labor
  • Lack of coordination between different players in the sector
  • Lack of proper statistical information about the sector by government agencies.
  • Weakness of PriSEC’s existing public awareness programs and thus key stakeholders in the sector lack knowledge of relevant reforms

Key Messages, Outcomes, and Recommendations:

After discussing the above issues, challenges and problems, some of the recommendations and proposed solutions are:

  • MAIL or other relevant government entity to establish a strong governing body (for support, quality control, coordination, strategic advisory and securing additional donor funding) for the domestic poultry sector.
  • MAIL to create and develop quality control mechanisms at the national borders for poultry products, imports, and medicines for chickens; and creation of testing, standardizing and medicinal facilities for quality control inside the country. Low weight breeders should not be allowed to enter the country and the quality of domestically produced feed should improve.
  • GIRoA should conduct a thorough assessment of the poultry sector to identify the exact numbers, figures and statistics on the production, investment and other aspects of the sector and use this data to inform action plans at policy, procedure and activity level for the respective key players in the sector.
  • MAIL to establish training centers for poultry farmers and increasing awareness in the sector. In addition, MAIL to conduct technical workshops for farmers and associated stakeholders on improving the quality and increasing the value of poultry products.
  • GIRoA should provide or facilitate donor funding to poultry sector farmers and investors to establish standard chicken meat processing firms and to purchase refrigerated trucks for safe and healthy transportation of processed meat, eggs, and live chickens.
  • GIRoA (MAIL and DABS) should provide reliable electricity to farmers and investors to establish breeder farms.
  • GIRoA to work with ACCI-Nangarhar to facilitate partnership of private investors to establish breeder firms. Large Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) should be encouraged to establish big farms, feed mills, vaccination and other health supplement factories for the poultry sector.
  • GoIRA to support or attract donor funding to establish quality testing laboratories and clinics for vaccinations, hygiene control and feed tests. Badam Bagh animal vaccination factory requires attention of the central government to produce quality domestic vaccines for poultry and other farm animals.
  • GIRoA to establish research and development centers in the central and zonal provinces to help develop the sector with new methodologies and innovative approaches. The initial step will be to help farmers/investors to build standard farms, categorize organic and non-organic products, and create linkages with international organizations and markets.
  • ACD to reduce Import tariffs on breeders, feed, machinery, and other raw material should be reduced at customs.
  • ACD with support of the Afghan Border Police to increase control at borders in Paktia and Khost provinces to prevent illegal imports of chicken from Pakistan.
  • GIRoA and NGOs should continue to support households in the rural areas with creation of small farms.
  • GIRoA to undertake long-term and sustainable efforts in the sector rather than project-based approaches.
  • More investment should be encouraged for feed mills and breeders in the sector. The sector is suffering huge losses in this area. GIRoA to provide funding for rehabilitation of the 10 breeder farms that have been closed down.
  • MAIL to establish and give more attention to the value chain (starting from farmers planting the appropriate seeds, to feed mills, to distribution to poultry farms).
  • MoIC, MAIL, and Business Chambers to increase market demand for domestically produced poultry products, large contracts with local consumers such as restaurants and wedding halls should be given to local farmers/investors. Ministries of Defense and Interior should also be encouraged to purchase domestically produced poultry products.
  • MAIL, MoIC and BMOs in coordination with Poultry Associations to support purchasing, leasing, and granting processing equipment to businesses
  • MAIL, MoIC and BMOs in coordination with Poultry Associations to introduce and support standard packaging procedures, systems and equipment for poultry and prepare them for export.
  • GIRoA to attract more investment in the sector by providing incentives such as ease of licensing, tax exemption, land, lower rates of electricity, etc.
  • PriSEC to increase awareness of its existence, achievements, reforms, and plans at zonal, regional and provincial levels.
  • PriSEC should prioritize the poultry sector in the agriculture chapter of the PSD NPP revision.

 

[1] The event was locally organized and logistically supported by ACE East-region office staff (Hafiz Sherzad, Wais Kotwal) and NGR ACCI (Mr. Shams)

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