50 by 5 Introduction

The National Priority Program for Private Sector Development (PSD NPP) was developed in close coordination and consultation with the private sector, government agencies and the donor community. With an impact level goal of eliminating hurdles that pose challenges to doing business in Afghanistan and comprehensive reform priorities across all economic sectors, the document is the first of its kind in Afghanistan. The document has over 250 Key Actions which have been divided into 18-month and 5year batches and are anticipated to be broken down into more than 1000 activities. The Executive Committee for Private Sector Development, or PriSEC, as collaborative government and private sector body, has been tasked with implementing the reforms of the PSD NPP.

Since its adoption in November 2018, the PriSEC Secretariat has been working closely with PriSEC Working Groups and line ministries to drive implementation reform. However, prioritizing amongst 250 key actions and developing over 1000 activities and their implementation plans is an overwhelming task that can often render PriSEC Working Groups and line ministries unsure of where and how to start. The task of analyzing, debating and prioritizing which key actions to start on, will at best, require months of work, representing a major delay of PSD NPP reform implementation, and at worst may lead to inaction. To tackle this challenge, the PriSEC Secretariat has proposed a targeted initiative entitled “50 by 5”.

50 by 5 will be a PriSEC initiative implemented under the direct supervision of His Excellency the Chief Executive of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan in an effort to fast track and simplify implementation of PSD NPP reforms; supported by an aggressive communications/campaign package (see campaign section) and further linked to the website of the Office of the Chief Executive. The initiative envisions to select 50 priority reforms from the 250 total reforms in the PSD NPP and other major national documents. Of these 50 priority reforms, each PriSEC Working Group will be assigned approximately 10 Key Actions that correspond to their thematic area. Working Groups will be responsible for the full implementation cycle of their key actions within a timeframe of 5 months. The initiative thus intends to spearhead the successful implementation and delivery of 50 reforms in under 5 months. This initiative is expected to improve/strengthen concrete PriSEC reform delivery because it will simplify tasks for Working Groups and allow them to focus on a short list of concrete actions within a specified timeline.